Conditions of insecurity, whether caused by sudden crises or chronic deprivations, lead to health deterioration and diminish people’s capacity to achieve and maintain their greatest level of health and wellbeing; and the direct and indirect effects of poor health, in turn, undermine the security enjoyed by individuals and communities. For this reason, the practice of health promotion should emphasize community empowerment and capacity building at the individual, family, and community levels, as well as across sectors to strengthen assets and address the social determinants of health. Poverty, inequity, the widening gap in social justice and the lack of respect for human rights and gender equality need to be addressed as critical determinants of physical, mental and social health.
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